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Vitamins & Minerals

5 items

Vitamins and minerals are a special group of nutrients that both lack and overdose can lead to serious complications. They are widely available in food, both in fruits and vegetables, as well as muscles, yoghurts, and more and more often you can find them in products that are used as a food enrichment (e.g. in breakfast cereals or flavored milk for children.) Vitamins are divided into: water-soluble vitamins (vitamins B, vitamin C). This type of vitamin does not accumulate in the body, and excessive amounts are usually excreted by the body. The second type of vitamins are fat-soluble vitamins (vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K, abbreviated ADEK), these vitamins accumulate in the brain, in fat tissue and liver, from where they are taken in case of deficiency (e.g. vitamin D in winter). Each of the vitamins is divided into even smaller groups depending on many factors, usually has a similar structure, but a slightly different effect. Vitamins are used by everyone and also recommended to children, the elderly or people of childbearing age, among others. It should be remembered that although hypervitaminosis is difficult, it is possible. Minerals are a group of elements (or their ions) absorbed by the body and having a positive effect on its transformation. Among the minerals, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, boron, sodium, iodine, potassium, manganese, magnesium, selenium, chromium, iron, fluorine and many others stand out. Magnesium is the most popular and most beneficial for the body (it directly affects the proper functioning of muscles, is one of the basic building blocks of bones and teeth, it can help to improve cognitive (cognitive) functions and improve the digestive system) calcium (the basic building block of bones, muscles and teeth) and phosphorus (which is the building block of bones and teeth) other minerals are required by the body in minimal amounts and each of them depends on many factors (physical activity, type of work, time of sleep and rest) before taking vitamin and mineral supplements, it is good to consult doctor's advice and start the recommended intake. Too high a concentration of some minerals may have the opposite effect. On the market of dietary supplements you can find many mixtures of minerals and vitamins, e.g. ZMB / ZMA (most often zinc, magnesium in combination with vitamin B6), a complex of vitamins and minerals (combination of vitamins and minerals) and supplements enriched with vitamins and minerals, and in some cases also combinations of plant extracts rich in vitamins and minerals.