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Amino acids

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What are amino acids?


Amino acids are organic substances of plant and animal origin. They are divided into endogenous (synthesized in the body) and exogenous (absorbed from food) amino acids.
The division of amino acids varies depending on the aspect in question. There are also such groups as: conditionally necessary amino acids and those with special properties. The next division assumes that among the amino acids, attention is paid to: non-protein, aromatic and sulfur amino acids, as well as: ketogenic and hydrophobic amino acids. The most popular dietary supplements, most often contain selected amino acids: glutamine, BCAA, AAKG, EAA, beta-alanine, taurine, theanine, citrulline.
How are amino acids (amino acid chemistry) built?
These are compounds derived from hydrocarbons, composed of amino and carboxyl groups. The properties of amino acids are primarily a number of functions that support the functioning of the body. This is the basic building block from which proteins are produced. Proteins are part of all body cells, including muscles, skin and even hair. Amino acids are also involved in the direct action of regeneration, which supports the body after exercise, regulating hormonal balance, metabolism of fats and sugars.

There are many BCAAs available in stores, but what is this? BCAAs are branched chain amino acids (branched chain amino acids) that include L-valine, L-isoleucine and L-leucine. Their combination is considered the best amino acids for athletes.

Glutamine is an endogenous amino acid that accounts for 70% of all amino acids in the body. It is made in skeletal muscle. During increased effort, the amount of L-glutamine produced may be too low, so it is recommended to consume it.

The question "What is arginine?" probably has ever appeared in more than one head. Arginine- (2-amino-5-guanidinovaleric acid) is also an endogenous amino acid, however, with age, the ability to form arginine in the body decreases. Arginine has many beneficial properties for the body, but in case of overdose it can also be harmful. It is involved in the conversion to nitric oxide, which is why it is not recommended for people with diabetes prevention.

Another amino acid to be discussed is taurine (2-aminoethylsulfonic acid), which was first isolated in 1827 from the bile of bulls. It is a non-protein amino acid, i.e. one that does not directly form proteins. It is believed that taurine can improve mental and physical performance. It is also used in many therapies, but its effects at the molecular level have not been fully understood.

Citrulline is also an important amino acid produced in our body because it is involved in the formation of arginine, the amino acid described above. May affect the saturation of arginine in tissues.

Beta-alanine is an amino acid involved in the construction of proteins. It is believed to contribute as a support in building lean muscle mass.